DUE 7/9 4 P.M EST
PLEASE FOLLOW DIRECTIONS
2 pages apa not including min 4 references
H.I.V /AIDS IN LOWER INCOME COMMUNITIES
The medical practice rule of “first do no harm” can be applied to health science research as “first do no harm to your study participants.” Harm in this instance means not only physical harm but also the emotional harm that might be caused by unethical research practices.
Despite such lofty ideals, until the 1960s and 1970s, many studies centered on the use of uninformed human subjects. According to Moon and Khin-Maung-Gyi, even after the Nuremberg trials exposed the Nazi war crimes and the Nuremberg Code provided a clear statement of standards for research on human subjects, unethical research programs continued to be designed and conducted (Moon & Khin-Maung-Gyi, 2009). Well-known examples of egregious unethical research in the United States include the Willowbrook study of hepatitis transmission in a hospital for “mentally impaired” children and the Jewish Chronic Disease Hospital case in which chronically ill patients were injected with cancer cells to monitor rejection. In each of these studies, investigators were confident that the ends of research justified the means (Walkup & Bock, 2009).
These and other studies led to the creation of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research and its seminal Belmont Report, which cited three foundational principles of ethical research on humans: respect for persons, beneficence, and justice (Moon & Khin-Maung-Gyi, 2009). These studies also led to the development of Institutional Review Boards, or IRBs, which were designed to provide oversight on all government-funded research studies. IRBs are in wide use today.
Review the Institutional Review (IRB) process and requirements described in the Center for Research. Consider how these IRB processes and requirements for ethical practice might apply to your Final Project, which is a proposal for an intervention that addresses a health problem identified in a particular community and that is of interest to you. (HIV/AIDS IN LOWER INCOME COMMUNITIES)
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