Discussion response: substance abuse treatment research



I need a response to the three different discussion postings. The response should be one or two lines and you can ask a question. 



The 1st response is to the questions asked by the instructor.



The second and 3rd discussion: Read the literature and post a response to the literature.


The 1st response is to my previously submitted assignment below. Instructor inquired:


From the instructor:


Interesting study.  How long will this study last?



My assignment I submitted

National Institutes on Drug Abuse (NIDA) has been instrumental in fighting substance abuse by providing solutions. NIDA uses both Pharmacological and behavioral intervention approaches in drug treatment since different drug require a particular approach that will work best for a drug addict or different drugs (Alan, 2012).

                Behavioral Intervention- this method has proven to be effective for most drugs like cocaine, which is one of the abused drugs among the youths. Behavioral treatment of cocaine has worked excellently well in both outpatient and residential setting. For instance lab, test on behavioral therapies are rare and the most reliable methods of dealing with many drug problems including stimulant addictions. Cocaine therapy has been one of the positive results witness over the recent years by NIDA, most of the cocaine addicts have been successfully managed in a larger population. The use of this method aims at assisting the patients to remember, avoid and cope that is they can recognize the condition that might likely drive them to use cocaine. The therapy is also compatible with any treatment a patient may be subjected to, and thus it is more advantage to the patient than its short-comings.

                Immediate physiological changes in drug treatment usually depend on the gender in comparison with men who are substance dependent women have a high chance of risk (Newman, 2001). Women are subjected to more therapy that can lead to visual-spatial ability, working memory, and psycho-motor speed. The theory of accelerated progression to treatment entry among the females rely on opioids, cannabis, and alcoholic beverages. Making them more vulnerable to the severe effect of these disorders. Women using cocaine are reported to suffer so much of neurological, cardiovascular, mood, nose and gastrointestinal symptoms as compared to men.


Marlatt, G. &  Alan, J. (2012). Relapse prevention maintenance strategies in the treatment of addictive behaviors. New York: Guilford Press.


Newman, F. & Liese, S. (2001). Cognitive Therapy of Substance Abuse. Guilford Press. pp. 169–186



2nd discussion  The response should be one or two lines and you can ask a question. 


Substance Abuse Treatment Research

                The study I have chosen is one that is researching nicotine dependence in those that smoke. In the study they will focus on those who are in the age range of 18-55. There is a total of 4 different groups, but the only three will participate in the study, the fourth one is just a group of volunteers. The first group will be those who are currently smokers who want to quit, and the other group will be smokers who don’t want to quit. In the next group there are who are healthy former smokers, and last will be healthy non smokers. 

All of the participants will be given a medical exam, and also blood samples will be taken. The three groups will all take MRI’s, and they will be given tests on thinking, concentration, and memory skills. All of these test will take place inside and out of the MRI scanner, and also at a computer. Those who smoke and are trying to quit will have to go through 12 weeks of counseling, and use e-cigarettes. Those in the test will have a total of 6 MRI’s as they try abstinence, and again they will do memory tasks, thinking, and concentration inside and out of the scanner.

“For smokers the first scan will take place before they try and quit. The second scan will happen 48 hours after their last real cigarette, and after that they will only use e-cigarettes. After two weeks of e-cigarettes, there will be another scan which is the third scan. Next they will cut the use of the e-cigarettes over three weeks, and they will be in nicotine abstinence. After five weeks, another scan will take place, six months after the study started, the fifth scan. The sixth scan will happen after one year of study. All smokers will will have support until they quit smoking, until the study ends in one year.

The treatment would be considered drug/pharmacological intervention, with the use of the e-cigarettes. “Treatments for nicotine addiction are only marginally effective (Changeux, 2010). “Many do stop smoking, and they experience major health benefits” (Godtfredsen & Prescott, 2011). 
“Nicotine acts on Nicotinic Cholinergic receptors in the brain” (Changeux, 2010). This causes rapid triggering of neural & neuromuscular transmissions. The following symptoms take place such as weakness, tachycardia, mydriasis, hypertention, and fasciulation.. 


Biopsychology  Ninth Edition  Pearson Education   Pinel, John P.J.  (Godtfredsen & prescott, 2011)  https://digitalbookshelf.argosy.edu/#/books/9781323123058/cfi/12/10!/4/2/30/6/24/2/[email protected]:34.3 

Biopsychology  Ninth Edition  Pearson Education  Pinel, John P.J. (Changeux, 2010)     https://digitalbookshelf.argosy.edu/#/books/9781323123058/cfi/12/10!/4/2/30/2/2/[email protected]:10.4 

ClinicalTrials.gov  National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)                 


3rd discussion  The response should be one or two lines and you can ask a question. 


From the various studies, I chose Hospital Visit as Opportunity for Prevention and Engagement for HIV-Infected Drug Users.  This study evaluates the most effective strategy in achieving HIV virologic suppression among HIV-infected substance users recruited from the hospital setting who are randomly assigned to one of the three treatment conditions: 1) Patient Navigator (PN); 2) Patient Navigator + Contingency Management (PN+CM); and 3) Treatment as Usual (TAU).


This treatment would be characterized as a behavioral intervention.  Both the Patient Navigation (PN) Group and Patient Navigator Plus Contingency Management (PN+CM) Group would be treated with behavioral interventions. The hospital visits are responsible for behavioral treatment and intervention.  This intervention does not relate to any of the drug treatments I read about this module because there are no drugs in this treatment.  The hospital visits are accounted to draw blood and monitor patients on a regular basis.  A particular neurochemical may be altered by this behavior by suppressing the HIV Viral and significantly lowering substance use.

Order a unique copy of this paper
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

We value our customers and so we ensure that what we do is 100% original..
With us you are guaranteed of quality work done by our qualified experts.Your information and everything that you do with us is kept completely confidential.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

The Product ordered is guaranteed to be original. Orders are checked by the most advanced anti-plagiarism software in the market to assure that the Product is 100% original. The Company has a zero tolerance policy for plagiarism.

Read more

Free-revision policy

The Free Revision policy is a courtesy service that the Company provides to help ensure Customer’s total satisfaction with the completed Order. To receive free revision the Company requires that the Customer provide the request within fourteen (14) days from the first completion date and within a period of thirty (30) days for dissertations.

Read more

Privacy policy

The Company is committed to protect the privacy of the Customer and it will never resell or share any of Customer’s personal information, including credit card data, with any third party. All the online transactions are processed through the secure and reliable online payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By placing an order with us, you agree to the service we provide. We will endear to do all that it takes to deliver a comprehensive paper as per your requirements. We also count on your cooperation to ensure that we deliver on this mandate.

Read more

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages