JOURNAL HOUSE-STYLE BASICS 1) Spelling – Use American English.2) Punctuation.a) Minimal commas, but use commas before the “and” and “or” in lists.b) A full stop should be followed by one space in both English and Arabic text.3) Grammar.a) Write in the active voice and use the first person where necessary. Try to avoid long sentences that have several embedded clauses.4) General.a) Nouns and verbs should agree: was/were, is/are.b) Replace/omit the following words: done – carried out; not uncommon – common; respectively; commonest – most common; about – around or approximately; ie – namely; e.g. – for example; sex – gender.c) Check the consistency of language and scientific information in the various parts of the manuscript.d) All abbreviations should be in full when they are mentioned first in the text, thereafter they can be written in their abbreviated form, except at the start of a sentence when they should be written in full. If used in tables and figures – should be defined in the table footnote and figure legend.e) If studies are mentioned by the authors’ names, the appropriate reference should always be included next to the authors’ names. Always double-check the spelling of names of authors mentioned in the text against the appropriate reference in the reference section.f) All numbers should be written as a number, with only number one being spelling out in full, unless at the beginning of a sentence when the word should always be spelled out in full.g) Numbers as fractions remain as words, eg. two-thirds.h) Avoid sentences such as “to the best of our knowledge, this is the first case in Saudi Arabia”.i) All organism names should be written in full the first time and then in the standard abbreviated form thereafter, and should always appear in italics.j) If specialized equipment is mentioned in the methods section, this should always be accompanied by the manufacturer’s name, the city/state, and country.k) Percentages should be rounded up or down to one decimal place only, except if the last digit is 5 eg. 1.26 becomes 1.3, but 1.25 remains 1.25.
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