Financial economists | Business & Finance homework help

Q1. 7 marks plus 1 mark for references. (Maximum word limit 700 words)

 

In an effort to analyse the agency problem and the firm value maximisation, Hanlon, Rajgopal and Shevlin (2003) p.4. state “The incentive alignment perspective typically advocated by a number of financial economists states that options are granted to reduce the moral hazard problem that stems from senior managers owning very little of the firms they manage. A substantial body of theoretical work beginning with Jensen and Meckling (1976) suggests that option contracts can align managers’ incentives with that of shareholders. Consistent with this perspective, researchers (e.g., Demsetz and Lehn 1985; Himmelberg, Hubbard and Palia 1999; Core and Guay 1999; Rajgopal and Shevlin 2002) have predicated their analyses on the premise that granting options is consistent with firm value maximization.” Hanlon, M., Rajgopal, S. and Shevlin, S. (2003), ‘Are Executive Stock Options Associated with Future Earnings?’ Journal of Accounting and Economics, Vol 36(1), p.3 – 43.

 

Explain the concept ‘executive stock options’. What are the advantages and disadvantages of ‘executive stock options’? Students are strongly urged to read reviewed journal articles and provide at least two academic journal articles in the reference.

 

Please note: understanding the notions in the articles is more important than an entanglement with the advance math in many of the articles.

 

The format of answer should be like below :

 

• Content

• Introduction

• Structure

• Expression

• Presentation

• Conclusion and

• Reference List

 

 

 

 

Q2.(Maximum word limit 700)

 

How important is good governance and ethics for a firm? Provide answers with examples and theoretical explanations

 

The format of answer should be like below :

 

• Content

• Introduction

• Structure

• Expression

• Presentation

• Conclusion and

• Reference List

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