I’m studying for my Sociology class and don’t understand how to answer this. Can you help me study?
here is my post: Sutherlands’
Differential Association best explains the gang situation in the video.
Several propositions by Edwin H. Sutherlands state that crime is a
behavior that one learns and is not hereditary. Through social
association with members of gangs, one gets to learn their behavior and
hence is enrolled into the gang once qualified. Learning is often
carried out in small crime groups which have various motives. The men in
the video confirm this theory by saying that there baby gangsters who
later evolve to be original gangsters after gaining experience while in
the gang. The environment that one is brought in also influences whether
they will be gangsters due to facts like the social class of a people. My classmate’s posts :
1- Akesa Oliveti
Based on the theories we’ve learned so far in both Chapter 5 and 6, I think that cultural transmission theory addresses the gang involvement of many delinquents. Albert Cohen has found that due to the overall subculture in a particular community, there is a much more likelihood for individuals of the lower class to normalize gang crime (pg. 105). As we have seen in the video there is a lack of authority, lack of leadership, and the loss off conventional role models. Instead, gang affiliation becomes what Cohen labels as a “non utilitarian “ subculture or simply doing the act just because. This is what the individual in the video explains to us that they are involved because that’s unfortunately all they know. Due to the lack of conventional role models, there is a continued cycle of delinquency. This could also be based on Sutherland’s differential association theory where like cultural transmission, the behaviors these individuals prone To gang affiliation are learned. Write comments here…….
2-Naz RAZAVI –
After watching the You-tube video in my opinion I clearly notice how the strain theory is what influences the gang members in this video. The reality is that people don’t come into the world as wanting to preform crimes. Due to social strains and living in more lower income areas also not having the same advantages that someone living in a better area have tend to have them go into the world of crime to gather all the benefits that someone who was raised in a privileges’ area would have. In my opinion the most effective way to stop gang activity is placing gang injunctions in the areas higher gang activity. This is where they are restricted from hanging out in areas that gang normally hangout. There has been proven statistics that gang injunctions actually do work. There should also be more resources, just like DustyLoc stated that you are what you are born into. I strongly believe if there was more financial assistances I think that gang violence would slow down. Write comments here……
3- Frederick Montalvo
When it comes to the most accurate theory that describes gangs, I’d say it’d have to be the Cultural Transmission Theories. As Sue Titus Reid states in Crime and Criminology, “Cohen’s theory followed that of Merton’s in that it looked at the social structure as producing the strain that leads youth to delinquent behavior. Cohen’s position differed from that of Merton in that he did not place the emphasis on efforts to gain material or economic goals but, rather, on status and acceptance among one’s peers” (Reid 106). The Bloods are seen in the video “1980s blood gang members interview” displayed the theory clearly as they were shown to be from the same disadvantaged neighborhoods and knew they’d more than likely die young but die for their cause: “family/brother-in-arms” and those around them which seems to be the driving factor as to why they gangbang. Write comments here….
4- Samanta Gutierrez
I believe that a combination of the theories under cultural transmission that Titus mentioned can be effective. I just try to understand how young individuals might rationalize their affiliation to a gang. A combination of Cohen’s The lower-class boy and middle class measuring rod, Cloward and Ohlin’s theory of differential opportunity, Sykes and Matza’s Neutralization and Drift theory, and Miller’s the lower-class and lower-class culture theory, each theory I believe contributes good points on why individuals enter the conflict of being part or not of a gang. Howell and Griffiths stated how the first street gangs emerged in the United States, and believed it had to do with the multiple waves of large scale immigration and urban overcrowding, these individuals relied on gangs for some sort of protection from discrimination and racism (1). Titus pointed out that many of today’s gangs unlike those from the past are associated with violence and illegal drugs (104). I’m sure there was violence in the past within gangs but as Titus has mentioned it appears that violence is a focal point of today’s gangs. Write comments here….
Thank you 😀
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