You have an audio recording of a radio programme exploring social change and you also have the tape-script, which is given below. You would like to develop this theme further into a language-skills lesson for an upper-intermediate class. Your lesson lasts for 90 minutes. Using the recording and tape-script, what suggestions can you make to ensure that the students get practice in all four language skills? Do not try to provide a full lesson plan, but just show clearly what approach / activities you would use to exploit this material and develop the students’ language skills. P = Presenter CH = Catherine Holmes P: I’m delighted to welcome our next guest today, the sociologist and broadcaster Catherine Holmes. Good morning. CH: Morning. P: She has just been putting the finishing touches to her new report which focuses on some of the social changes that the UK has undergone in the past twenty years. So, Catherine, perhaps you could briefly outline for us some of the main findings of your report. CH: I’ll try. Let’s start with migration trends. Over the past twenty years the number of people emigrating from the UK to places like Australia and Canada has been on the increase – up by 2.3%. The age of the people leaving, on the other hand, is decreasing; the average age of UK migrants now stands at around 36. P: I understand that you also did some research into the eating habits of the population. CH: That’s right. It seems from our findings that people are at last starting to eat more healthily, at least in some parts of the country. Sales of fruit and vegetables, especially organic produce, are going up in the central regions of England and the south of Scotland, while they are staying pretty static elsewhere. Consumption of fast food is falling a little, but the government, doctors and health advisers would all like to see this happen at a much faster rate. They are planning to launch a new campaign warning the general public of the dangers of eating too much junk food. P: So, it looks like I should be taking more care over my choice of food. Did you find any changes in people’s attitude to living and working in the UK? CH: Yes. Part of our research centred on how people feel about their general standard of living and their attitudes to the changes that have taken place in working practices. And on the whole most people seem to be less content with their lot than they were twenty years ago. P: For instance? CH: Well, although more people believe that they now have much better access to consumer goods than before, the majority, about 65%, feels less secure in their jobs and are spending more time at work – the average increase here is about 1 hour 20 minutes per week. This situation, of course, is leaving them less time for recreation and hobbies and doctors are reporting an increase in patients with stress-related complaints. The two seem to be connected, but there is at present no proof of this. P: And what about women in the workplace – are there any changes there? CH: Although there are now more women than ever before in full-time employment, the increase over the past ten years has been quite small, around 2.2%. Even so, many women are now working full-time, while many more men are opting to stay at home and look after the kids. Most men in this position say that they are enjoying their new role and are finding it more rewarding than working up to 48 hours a week stuck behind a desk. P: I’m sure that you have a lot more fascinating facts and figures to tell us, but I’m afraid that’s all we’ve got time for. So, Catherine many thanks for coming into the studio today. CH: My pleasure.
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