Which of the following is a characteristic of management accounting?
It must follow generally accepted accounting principles.
It is used primarily by internal users.
It is concerned primarily with reporting past performance.
It uses historical costs as the sole measurement unit.
An example of a period cost is:
product design costs.
Which of the following is not an objective of product costing systems?
To provide information for cost planning
To assist in the preparation of the income statement
To determine the optimal amount of products to manufacture
To provide information for product pricing
Which of the following entities probably would use a process costing system?
An oil refinery
A yacht builder
A custom furniture company
A custom screw manufacturer
Activity-based management includes all of the following except identifying:
customer satisfaction with a product or service.
the resources that are consumed by each activity.
activities as value-adding.
how resources are consumed by each activity.
An insurance company pays its employees a commission of 6 percent on each sale. What is the proper classification of the cost of sales commissions?
Which type of budgeting utilizes employees at all levels of the company?
Standard costs are useful for all but which of the following?
Determining actual costs
Preparing budgets and forecasts
Evaluating the performance of workers and management
Helping to develop appropriate selling prices
An example of a pricing objective is to:
ignore long-term pricing strategies in favor of short-term profits.
increase market share irrespective of the cost of a product.
maintain a price that is always under that of the competition.
maintain a minimum rate of return.
The overall objective of controlling the costs of quality is to eliminate:
costs of nonconformance.
costs of conformance.
the costs of quality.
There is a negative relationship between two variables if:
they move in opposite directions.
they move in the same direction.
one variable changes and the other does not.
neither variable moves.
A firm produces its product using both capital and labor. When it does not change its capital usage, but doubles its labor input, its output increases by less than 50 percent. Which of the following is the most likely explanation of this finding?
The principle of opportunity cost
The principle of diminishing returns
The marginal principle
The spillover principle
The price of iPhones has fallen dramatically. Which of the following is likely to happen?
The quantity of iPhones supplied will decrease.
The quantity of iPhones supplied will increase.
The supply of iPhones will decrease.
The supply of iPhones will increase.
If the demand for school ball caps is inelastic, an increase in price will result in:
a decrease in profits.
an increase in total revenue.
a decrease in total revenue.
an increase in the quantity demanded.
An electricXXXXX XXXXXcensing program in the state of North Carolina requires each electrician to obtain a license and renew it each year. Which of the following is a result of having the licensing program in North Carolina?
A decrease in total surplus
Excess demand for electrical service
An increase in the quality of electrician
All of the above are a result of the licensing program.
The self-interest theory of government was suggested by:
Charles M. Tiebout.
the European Union.
Suppose that the only input used in the generation of solar energy is sunlight, which has a zero cost. The average total cost of producing electricity is:
equal to the marginal cost.
equal to the average fixed cost.
When a firm increases output and the costs rise disproportionately slower, then the long-run average cost curve is __________ and the firm is experiencing __________ .
horizontal; constant returns to scale
downward sloping; constant returns to scale
upward sloping; diseconomies of scale
downward sloping; economies of scale
Limit pricing occurs when a firm sets price:
equal to marginal cost.
equal to average cost.
at different amounts for different groups of consumers.
so low that other firms are prevented from entering the market.
Which of the following statements about featherbedding is correct?
It could increase production costs, resulting in higher prices for products.
The quantity of labor demanded by firms could actually decrease.
It could lead to a lower wage and smaller employment in the long run.
All of the above.
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