Can Beethoven make you smarter? Here is an example of a research study done to explore where listening to classical music can make you smarter. While reading the study you will discover the key elements of a scientific research study. Also: Answer the 8 questions No source is to be used besides the example given to you below, please!! Thank you Does Beethoven make you smarter: LISTENING TO MUSIC WHILE STUDYING The phrase “the Mozart effect” was coined in 1991, but it is a study described two years later in the journal Nature that sparked real media and public interest about the idea that listening to classical music somehow improves the brain. It is one of those ideas that feels plausible. You may have heard of the “Mozart effect,” that certain mental abilities improve after listening to classical music. When the original study was published there was much popular excitement about it because the findings seemed to suggest a fast and easy way to improve intellectual skills. In fact, based on these findings, the governor of Georgia budgeted for a classical music compact disc (CD) or cassette for each infant born in the state, a doctor in Indiana developed the “Rock-a-Bye Music System,” an apron for pregnant women with pockets to accommodate CD or cassette players, and “Baby Mozart” tapes that claimed to improve intelligence and help develop IQs became a profitable business. Unfortunately, the mass media exaggerated and oversimplified the research results. Here is a summary of the original study: Rauscher and colleagues (1993) decided to test the effects of music on specific mental abilities. They assembled randomly assigned groups of thirty-six college students each. One group heard ten minutes of classical music (Mozart’s Sonata for Two Pianos in D Major, K. 488), another group heard a ten-minute relaxation tape (giving instructions and suggestions to reduce anxiety and lower blood pressure), and a third group sat in silence for ten minutes. Then, all subjects completed a part of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test intended to measure spatial reasoning and abstract thinking. The results were that subjects in the music group had statistically significant higher test scores than subjects in the other two groups, whose scores did not significantly differ from each other. This effect lasted for up to fifteen minutes, after which test responses in all three groups were not significantly different from each other. More general factors such as physiological arousal were similar in all three groups since measured pulse rates before and after each listening condition were the same in all three groups. Reference and Resource Rauscher, F. H., Shaw, G. L., & Ky, K. N. (1993). Music and spatial task performance. Nature, 365, 611 QUESTIONS FOR ANALYSIS 1. What was the hypothesis of the Rauscher and colleagues (1993) study? 2. What was the independent variable; in other words, what was manipulated? 3. How was the independent variable operationally defined? 4. What was the dependent variable; in other words, what was measured? 5. How was the dependent variable operationally defined? 6. Why did the researchers measure pulse rates? 7. What conclusions are reasonable from the study data? Do you think that the mass media exaggerated and oversimplified the research results? Why or why not. 8. What was a strength of how this study was conducted—of how it was set up and run?
We value our customers and so we ensure that what we do is 100% original..
With us you are guaranteed of quality work done by our qualified experts.Your information and everything that you do with us is kept completely confidential.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
The Product ordered is guaranteed to be original. Orders are checked by the most advanced anti-plagiarism software in the market to assure that the Product is 100% original. The Company has a zero tolerance policy for plagiarism.Read more
The Free Revision policy is a courtesy service that the Company provides to help ensure Customer’s total satisfaction with the completed Order. To receive free revision the Company requires that the Customer provide the request within fourteen (14) days from the first completion date and within a period of thirty (30) days for dissertations.Read more
The Company is committed to protect the privacy of the Customer and it will never resell or share any of Customer’s personal information, including credit card data, with any third party. All the online transactions are processed through the secure and reliable online payment systems.Read more
By placing an order with us, you agree to the service we provide. We will endear to do all that it takes to deliver a comprehensive paper as per your requirements. We also count on your cooperation to ensure that we deliver on this mandate.Read more